Spot the symptoms of high blood pressure, a silent killer


People suffering from high blood pressure, are, in most of the cases, not aware that they are suffering from the condition. This is because there is hardly any visible symptom of high BP, or hypertension. Lack of symptoms has made it one of the biggest killers, worldwide and in India too. According to a report by the Indian Council of Medical Research(ICMR ), hypertension is the cause of 9.4 million deaths every year worldwide. This is higher than AIDS, road accidents, diabetes and tuberculosis combined together. In India, high BP is responsible for 57 per cent of all strokedeaths. In this condition, the blood in your arteries applies too much force against the walls of the blood vessels making the heart work harder to pump out blood. This leads to the hardening of arteries, strokes, and heart failure. The ideal BP, as suggested by experts, is 120 (systolic)/80 (diastolic). Anything above this, is considered to be on the higher side. A person is said to be under hypertensive emergency when the systolic pressure is above 180 and the diastolic pressure is above 120.

Here we help you some of the otherwise ignored signs of hypertension.

Frequent symptoms
Here are some of the common symptoms of a high BP that we fail to catch, before a doctor’s visit.
Recurrent headaches: This is a common sign in patients with hypertension. A headaches linked with hypertension can range from being mild to severe. It can be even throbbing in nature.  The headache can intensify if you skip your medicines or when the figure is way higher than the normal.

Shortness of breath: Hypertension affects the heart and the lung function, leading to shortness of breath. This sign is more prominent while you exercise.

The rare symptoms occur in case of abnormally high blood pressure.
Nausea, vomiting or loss of appetite: Nausea linked to severe hypertension can develop suddenly and may be associated with dizziness.
Blurry vision: This is a warning sign of stroke and that’s why should be immediately taken care of.
Dizziness: Dizziness during high bleed pressure is known in the medical fraternity as vertigo. This gives you a sensation that the room is spinning.
Nosebleed: This is not a classic sign of high BP. However, you may be vulnerable to nosebleeds if you have hypertension.